Learning how to install an OS is a basic skill every computer user must know. You don’t have to do it but knowing how to will be helpful at some point; if you have no other option to call or hire a professional to do the job for you. Here in this article, we will look at what Windows XP OS is and specifically in detail about the service pack 2 of the Windows XP OS, its features, and how to download the ISO file from the internet. We will also figure out how to install the OS. Stay put and get an idea about the OS and make use of the information provided.
Every OS released by Microsoft has an updated and improved version which is released as service packs 1,2,3 etc. Similarly, Windows XP also has 3 service packs and we are going to discuss SP2 in specific. SP2 is an upgraded version where some features were added and some were removed to make the OS more stable and perform better. It was released in 2004. We will discuss the features in detail below. SP2 of the Windows XP OS is available for both 32-bit and 64-bit architecture, letting PC users make use of the compatible OS for their computer.
Windows XP OS
Microsoft is well known for computer operating systems and utility software that help run the computer and perform various tasks, reducing the workload of the user. One such famous and popular version of the Windows OS used worldwide is the Windows XP OS. Even after the release of the next version of the OS, many professionals used Windows XP as it suited them better and provided all the features needed to successfully run the computers. Microsoft officially withdrew their support for this OS in the year 2014. It’s still a good OS to use as it provides good compatibility features and stable functionalities for Lite users. The system requirements are low and any old computer can run the OS, hence making the OS ideal for repurposing old computers.
Microsoft Windows OS
The language of the computers is zeros and ones and humans don’t understand the computer language, so there must be a middle ground where both the computer and humans can interact and understand each other. The kernel is the bridge that acts as the middle ground but the kernel is difficult to understand and only professionals can operate it. So, Microsoft released operating systems which can make it easy for common users to interact with the computer and get their job done.
The OS is a Graphic User Interface based software that converts computer codes to human language and vice versa, so both the computer and the users can interact and work in unison.
We would have all used Windows OS at some point in time and would have felt the ease of handling it and operating it as it provides many customisable features and a stable platform to work with and perform computing. The first Windows OS was released in the year 1985 (Windows 1.0). Since then, the OS has been upgraded and improved to provide good features according to the current technological trend. There are approximately 12 major OS releases over the years.
List of Windows OSes released
- Windows 1.0.
- Windows NT 3.1.
- Windows NT 4.0.
- Windows 1995.
- Windows 1998.
- Windows 2000.
- Windows XP.
- Windows 2003.
- Windows Vista.
- Windows 7.
- Windows 8/8.1.
- Windows 10.
Describing Microsoft, they are one of the most well-versed tech companies in the world, started in the year 1975 by Paul Allen and Bill Gates. They mainly focus on developing computer operating systems and document manipulation application packages. Nearly 1.5 billion people use Microsoft OSes worldwide to run their computers and laptops. The company provides good customer support and update facilities to make their product better and stand out in the tech market against other competitors. Microsoft also develops many minor applications and software for Windows, Linux, Apple, and Android.
Some of the products of Microsoft:
- Windows OS.
- Microsoft Office.
- Microsoft Teams.
- Microsoft Azure.
- Microsoft Surface Laptops.
Features of Windows XP
When the OS was first released, the features were very improved compared to its previous version and this made more people want to purchase the OS. The OS was designed to provide better compatibility to other software and run smoothly without crashing. The OS was a huge success and made a huge impact on the tech industry and is one of the reasons for the development of the industry.
Improved User Interface
The user interface of the OS was modified and was made better looking and easier to handle compared to the previous version of Windows. The user interface was made simpler and smoother and the colors were enhanced to give the UI a colorful look.
Improved Networking Features
The main purpose of computers was networking and browsing in those days and a lot of work depended on the use of the internet, hence speed and security are important aspects. So, Windows XP came with new networking capabilities that improved the speed of the internet to make it much faster than before. There was also an improved internet firewall that secured the computer from unwanted networking problems.
Improved Application Compatibility
Windows XP is one of the most versatile and compatible OSes to use other third-party applications to perform tasks. The compatibility features were improved to allow developers to develop new software and applications to run on Windows OS and perform better. The improvement in compatibility brought in the opportunity for new developers to develop software for Windows OS.
Improved Windows Explorer
The native file explorer applications of Windows were updated and new features like preview options and task panes were added to make the application function better and improve the accessibility of files by the users.
LCD Monitor Support
The development of LCD monitors during that period made Microsoft upgrade their OSes to provide compatibility features and improve the display efficiency to make the content clear and more legible to the users.
Multiple Monitor Support
Windows XP OS supported the use of multiple monitors to provide power to users who need multiple screens to work like hard-core gamers and programmers.
Multiple Languages Support
In Windows XP, many languages were included so native speakers could use the computer in the language that they knew and understood. This increased the reach for technology in remote places.
System Restoration and System Recovery
The feature of Restore and Recovery was improved to provide the users with the ability to restore files and recover files when any mishappenings occurred in the PC. This reduced the chances of data loss and secured the users’ data from unexpected deletion.
Features of Windows XP SP2
The Service Pack 2 came with some new features and some removed to make it perform better and improve the working efficiency of the users.
Improved Wi-Fi Encryption
To make the networking secure, new encryption technology was added to the Wi-Fi connectivity. This technology encrypted the password and provided a secure connection.
The SP2 included partial bluetooth support to make sharing easier and faster without the use of the internet.
Improved Security Features
The security of Windows was improved; Windows Firewall and Data Execution Protection provided much stronger security to keep the computer safe from external threats.
Windows Messenger Service Removed
The Windows Messenger feature which was not of any proper use and caused pop-ups interrupting the workflow of the user was removed to provide a better user experience.
Windows Security Center
In the SP2 edition, Windows Security Center was added to the Control panel and all the security features could be accessed from there.
PC requirements To Run Windows XP OS
Before installing software on a PC, we must check the minimum requirements provided by the software developers that contain all the information on what hardware setup the computer must have in order to run the software and check whether the computer satisfies them all. If the computer lacks the required hardware settings, then either the computer can be upgraded with new hardware components or the software used can be degraded to a lower version that is supported by the computer.
Minimum Requirements for 32-bit OS
- The minimum processor speed required to run Windows XP is 300 MHz(megahertz).
- The minimum RAM required to run the OS is 16 MB(Megabyte).
- The minimum required display size is 600 X 800 pixels to make the content clear and visible.
- The minimum storage space required is 1.5 GB. The storage mentioned is for only installing the OS, so for storing other files extra memory should be included depending on the requirements of the users.
- The minimum video RAM required is 16 MB(megabytes).
- Having a CD ROM is a must to read and write CDs and DVDs.
- All other input and output devices like mouse, keyboard, joystick, scanner, printer, etc are supported and need proper driver software to use them efficiently.
The PC requirements for 64-bit will be higher than the previously mentioned requirements.
Minimum Requirements For 64-Bit OS
- The processor must be compatible with x86 and x64 architecture.
- The minimum RAM should be 256 MB to operate the OS.
- The free storage space required to install the OS is 1.5 GB.
- The minimum display resolution should be 600 x 800 pixels.
The 32-bit edition of the OS only supports RAM memory up to 4 GB but the 64-bit OS supports RAM up to 128 GB.
How to download Windows XP ISO File
- Go to the web browser and search for Windows XP SP2 ISO Download.
- Try to find a trustworthy website from which you can download the OS ISO file.
- Select a location on your OS where you want the ISO file to be downloaded.
- Select the edition and the version of the OS you want to download which in this case is Windows XP SP2.
- Now, look for the download button on the website and click it.
- Your file will be downloaded to the specified location.
- Once downloaded, you can use the file to install the OS on any computer with a suitable hardware setup.
How to install the ISO File
- To install the ISO file, you need to burn the ISO file on an empty CD; use any free burning tool to burn the ISO file.
- Once the CD is ready with the bootable ISO file, it can be used to install the OS.
- Find the boot key for your computer as different manufacturers provide different keys to access the Boot menu ( F2, F10, F12, ESC, etc- these are some of the keys that will take you to the Boot menu).
- Switch on the computer on which you intend to install the OS.
- Insert the CD in the CD ROM.
- Press the appropriate Boot key on the keyboard when the computer starts to Boot up.
- Once you are in the Boot menu, look for the Boot option and select it.
- Now, in the Boot options select CD-ROM and press enter.
- Click Yes when it asks for save configuration and exit.
- Windows will load the files and an installation wizard will pop-up.
- Choose the language of the OS you want to install and click install now.
- Accept the terms and conditions once you are done reading them.
- Choose the location where you want the OS to get installed i.e the hard disk.
- The installation will begin and once it’s complete, you can use Windows XP SP2 OS on the computer.
As previously discussed, knowing how to download and install an OS or any software is a basic skill in this technology-driven world. Computers have become one of the necessities for humans and working with them has become a part of everyone’s life. We hope you understood the article and got an idea of what has to be done to install a new OS. Please share the information with others who may need to know the steps involved.
If you liked the OS, suggest it to others so they can use it and experience it themselves. If you are planning to repurpose an old computer without spending much on it, then choosing any old OS versions like Windows XP SP 2 will prove to be beneficial. The OS is also pretty neat and easy to use, making it easy for home users to use it without any struggle.